A legally created business entity with rights and liabilities separate from its owners, having perpetual existence and centralized management.

A corporation is an independent legal entity created under a state’s or jurisdiction’s laws. It has a legal existence separate and distinct from its owners, the shareholders who contribute capital by purchasing the corporation’s stock.

A corporation’s significant advantage is its robust limited liability protection to the shareholders. This means that the owner’s (Shareholders) personal assets, such as their homes or savings, are shielded from the corporation’s liabilities and debts. Only the money they initially invested in the corporation is at risk. This reassuring feature encourages investment and entrepreneurship.

One of the most appealing aspects of a corporation is its perpetual existence. This means that it continues to operate even if individual shareholders, employees, or directors depart. This feature provides a sense of stability and ensures the seamless continuation of the business, instilling confidence in its long-term prospects.

A corporation’s management is structured and centralized, which is a significant advantage. Shareholders elect a board of directors to oversee all the company’s important policies and decisions. The directors, in turn, appoint officers like a CEO to handle daily operations. This clear separation of ownership and management is a defining trait that ensures efficient and effective decision-making, instilling confidence in the corporation’s operation.

Corporations have the same rights as individuals to enter contracts, loan and borrow money, sue and be sued, hire employees, own assets, and pay taxes. However, they are also highly regulated entities with strict administrative rules on formation, recordkeeping, and operations.

Overall, the corporate structure is a powerful tool that combines the advantages of limited liability, perpetual existence, transferable ownership, centralized management, and the ability to accumulate capital through stock issuances. This unique combination makes it an exceptionally attractive legal form for enterprises that require substantial capital investments, instilling confidence in the audience’s financial decisions.

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